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How Tradition Says the Apostles Died

As someone has correctly pointed out, hypocrites and martyrs are not made of the same stuff. Men may willingly die for what they believe to be true...even at times if what they believe is actually false. But no one will die willingly for something they know to be a lie!! Judas Iscariot, betrayer of Jesus, committed suicide. Only John, of the other 14 Apostles (12 original; add Mathias after Judas' death; add Paul), died a natural manner of death (John did not die by homicide, a martyr). Many would exclude Judas from a list of Apostles.


 Where died

 When died

 Manner of Death

Peter (Simon Peter),
Bible writer
Rome, Italy
 64-67AD Homicide:
crucified head down,

at his own request
son of a John & brother of Peter (Matthew 4:18)
Edessa, Petras region of Greece  ?AD Homicide:
severely scourged & tied by ropes on x-shaped cross where he hung 2 days to expire & this gave rise t
o the St. Andrews cross on the national flag of Scotland
son of Zebedee & Salome and elder brother of John (not brother of Jesus) the Bible writer
Jerusalem, Israel
(Herod Agrippa, grandson of Herod the Great)
44 AD
(the 1st martyred)
beheaded with sword; Mark 10:39 & Acts 12:1-2
son of Zebedee and brother of James;
Bible writer (John & Revelation)
Ephesus, Turkey
98-100 AD (the last to die) thrown in boiling oil but unharmed; died of Natural causes ( the only apostle not martyred) & buried near Ephesus about 100AD
Philip of Bethsaida Hieropolis, Syria   Homicide:
crucified or hung upside down by hooks through his ankles
Bartholomew (Nathaniel) India or
(skinned alive), and crucified head down or beheaded
Thomas (Didymus) Edessa, Greece or Madras, India   Homicide:
lanced by

idolatrous priests & burned up in an oven
Matthew (Levi), a customs house official (tax collector) of Capernaum;
the Bible writer
Nadabah, Ethiopia about 60AD Homicide:
axed to death with a halberd
James the Just (son of Alphaeus);
Bible writer (? half brother of Jesus?); leader of The Way in Jerusalem after Jesus' death
Jerusalem, Israel AD66 High priest sentencing: on trumped up charges of violating Jewish law; thrown down from the Temple tower & not dead so clubbed to death with a fullers club; immediately buried in a trench grave with stone marker (so there would not be an ossuary)
Jude (Thaddaeus...Judas Lebbaeus) Edessa, Greece AD72 Homicide:

Simon the Zealot
(the Canaanite)
Brittainnia, Europe or Persia   Homicide:
crucified or sawed in hal
Judas Iscariot (the only original apostle not from Galilee; he was from Carioth in Moab east of the Dead Sea) was chosen as an original apostle [Jeremiah 48:24-26] and later declared by Jesus as a devil & committed suicide after his kiss of identification of Jesus to the Roman soldiers; thus, he was not sent on the Apostolic Dispersion for the Great Commission after the resurrection of Jesus. Jerusalem, Israel about AD 30-33 Suicide:
by hanging Matt. 27:5
Matthias (the 11 remaining Apostles chose him to replace Judas) Jerusalem, Israel   Homicide:
stoned and beheaded
Paul (chosen by the resurrected Jesus on the road to Damascus) Rome, Italy 66 AD Homicide:

A well-considered 4/21/2012 emaiI from Mike Crane's Bible study: "It is very doubtful that God inspired the Apostles Paul and Peter to teach unconditional obedience to ALL civil government. It is even more doubtful that God inspired Paul and Peter to write that disobedience to civil government in all cases is disobedience to God. Almost all of the Disciples, including Paul, did not hesitate to disobey their civil government and the civil authorities above them when the law required something contrary to God's Word or even stood in the way of their teaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Conclusion: Any interpretation of Romans 13:1-7 that includes a statement that Christians are to obey civil government in all things is incorrect. A better understanding is needed." This is a link to Mike's study on Christians and the legal and administrative rules of governments, HERE.

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(posted/adapted 16 Sept. 1999; latest update 12 September 2015)