Afflictions: As in the New Testament, from the Greek word
"thlipsis"...meaning a pressing-in (almost to the point of crushing)...anything which results
in a burdening of your spirit by circumstances or persons.
Amen: This is a word used to close a conversation, statement, or prayer that pronounces
"may it be so", or "so be it", or "that's the way it
is" ("that's the way I see it"; "that's the way I feel").
Angel: (1) Of those spirits in the spiritual realm, "angels" are:
"Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation?"
[Hebrews 1:14] They are messengers (In Revelation 1:1, The Bible seems to indicate that the
angels of God have a restricted service). So what are secular people imagining (or what
spirits are actually there?) when they speak about angels in the 1990's? (2) Human "messengers of God" are also angels...or at least angelic individuals. There may be countless ways in which such humans are used as God's messenger. An example: Angel Unaware (written by Dale Evans Rogers) is the compassionate story of Down's Syndrome child, Robin Elizabeth Rogers, daughter of radio, movie, and TV cowboy & cowgirl stars, Roy and Dale Evans Rogers. A timeless message of hope and faith for parents of Down's Syndrome children, as well as for those with other illnesses, this enduring classic has sold more than 500,000 copies since its first publication in 1953.
Anxious: The mental state of a divided mind (as between choices). Check
out anxiety basis.
Apocalypse: A Greek word meaning revelation, applied chiefly to the
book of Revelation by John: an uncovering; an unveiling; a revelation.
Apologetics: This is the study of, and the execution of defending the person
and the message of Jesus Christ....defending the beliefs of the Christian faith as well as
forming the positive construction of a full-fledged Christian philosophy. Evangelism and
apologetics are the twin pillars upon which the outreach of the church is
built. Summary of evidence for Jesus of Nazareth HERE.
Apostle: One personally chosen by Jesus, son of God, and sent
with a special message and/or commission. Luke 6:12-16: Jesus called his disciples together and chose 12 by name and designated them apostle's (also Luke 5:12-16); named also in Matthew 10:1-4; affirmed as designated by name by Jesus in Mark 3:13-19. Peter's criteria after Jesus' death (Acts 1:21-22): apostles were
men chosen by Jesus to be with Him during his ministry on earth and personally acquainted with
the Lord's ministry from His baptism by John to His ascension. Under divine guidance, the
remaining apostles chose Matthias to replace Judas Iscariot. And Jesus, Himself (after His
ascension), chose Paul on the road to Damascus. Having been sent by God, Jesus is the first
and highest apostle (Hebrews 3:1). Though Mary Magdalene was so very close to Jesus, He did not name her...political reasons? [In those days, to name a woman as a leader figure may have been just "too much" for fallen humanity to deal with...a female pastor is even too much for many Christians in 2014!]...as one of the twelve apostles
Atheism: standing on the belief that there is no God...requires a
reckless arrogance and/or extremely strong self-faith that can be in such deep denial of the
testimony of the creation around us. Atheists are the most easily converted from belief in no
god into states of idolatry.
Atonement: that special result of the reconciliation between a Holy
God and a sinful mankind brought about by the self-sacrifice of Jesus on the cross. Because
of it, salvation is available.
Believe & "saving belief": as to "believe in" Jesus in a personal state of "saving belief"...it is much more than a
calculated hope and more than mental assent to an idea. It is not a surrender to a persuasive
power. It is a surrender of your "will". To believe, you must not only be (1) willing but also
(2) want to believe. No longer will your "will" be "on the fence" about belief. You mentally
declare to yourself, "I WILL believe!" In this use, it refers to having or placing your TRUST
in Jesus...personally acknowledging THE TRUTH of Him as the Messiah as "the truth". Immediately or with belief
growth, you mean that you have an assured reliance and confident dependence on the character,
ability, strength, and truth of Jesus. Arriving at a state of "saving belief" (really and
truly "believing") accomplishes "spiritual baptism" and can happen instantly at the moment of declaring belief or may take some
time and study in order to feel confident and solid in belief. No matter how much evidence
one wishes to collect and evaluate, one will never find overwhelming positive evidence for
"belief". Therefore, as Jesus declared, the decision to believe will have to be with the
simplicity of the decision of a little child. Only an/the individual and God can know if a
person truly "believes", but no decision in life is more important: a person either does or
does not "believe"...there is no in-between. "Saving belief" brings the internal indwelling of the Holy Spirit so that you are indwelt by His supernatural availability in facing the challenges of life in this world. You can thereafter undergo strengthening
and maturing The Way...the faith...throughout life. Finally, that you would be both willing and "want to" believe
is a gift of God that is given to the Elect [definition].
Benevolent: an attribute of unselfish concern for the welfare of
those He loves.
Bible: The word
of God revealed by God, inspired ("breathed" by God) to those divinely appointed to write it down,
and illuminated to the believer by the teaching power of the indwelling Holy Spirit within the
believer. Those who are not truly believers may also derive great benefit from the reading of the
Bible; but, The Word of God will fall short of true "illumination" of the reader. [more]...
Bitterness: A state of mind of being bitter...distressed with
resentfulness & vengefulness toward the offending person or situation. Bitterness is an
emotional toxin or poison that we prepare for the offender & then drink ourselves.
Bitterness injures the person holding the bitter frame of mind.
Blasphemy: defiant divine irreverence.
Bless: God blesses men by imposing his perfect attributes (such
as omniscience and omnipotence) in favor on them. Men bless God by celebrating and ascribing
to Him all those perfect attributes that are His. Men bless men by predicting, hoping for,
praying for, and speaking out for the blessings of God onto that man or women. When you are
"blessed" by God, you are filled with more than "happiness" and "joy"...like a much deeper
and fulfilling contented happiness. And, the favor of a divine blessing onto you always means
that what was given is to pass through you to others.
Bond servant: see servant, below.
Born again Christian: one who is a true saved believer and follower of Jesus
of Nazareth, having been made (born
again) into a new creation by the incoming & indwelling of the Holy Spirit into
Canon: the agreed-upon & set "measuring stick" writings or
the "standard" writings by which other writings are evaluated.
Care: A Christian should "care" about others. As a baby
believer, one learns to care about Jesus and about those who are attractive and lovable. With
further maturation, the ability to "care" both widens and deepens. This use of the word
"care" goes back to a Latin root which means "chatter". This suggests that the attention
Jesus would have us pay to others moves across a spectrum from the fellowshipping of
"chattering with each other" to the laying down [putting on hold...setting our interests
aside for awhile...even dying] of our lives for others.
Christ: the official title of the One anointed by God as the
savior or messiah. As "King" David is the title of a king, Christ Jesus is the title of the
savior of mankind. The title went to God, himself, coming to mankind in the person of Jesus
of Nazareth. Often spoken of as "The Christ".
- a Person/people who
believe Jesus is the savior and "believe" in such a true way that they are baptized by the Holy
Spirit into a "born again" condition, leading an active person-to-God relationship through a living
and on-going relationship with God through Jesus.
- a Person/people who
believe Jesus is the savior. This belief may be no deeper than that of following a family
custom of "saying" one is "Christian". Some who attend Christian churches do so out of habit or
as a way of belonging to a group; they may not have given any real thought to what they
actually believe. The main divisions of the Christian Church are: Protestant, Catholic,
Orthodox, and Armenian.
- Christianity: a history and system of doctrines and beliefs underpinning
a "world-view" or "religion" which can be studied in comparison to other philosophies,
world-views, or religions.
Church: a church
is a building in which worshippers gather to worship God. But, THE
CHURCH is the worldwide sum of all true
believers in Jesus Christ of Nazareth who constitute a living body through whom Jesus does His work
Compassion: an emotional feeling (1) of sympathy or
empathy for another/others stricken by misfortune and (2)
usually accompanied by the person's desire to help alleviate the
suffering. This is an emotion with significant risk. Con artists
play on compassion all the time. Actions based on compassion
often end up causing unfortunate consequences for the person on
whom the help is bestowed. Dependency is the most common adverse
consequence. A Reader's Digest article in the 1960s predicted
that the new antipsychotic medication, chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
would cause old-time "mental hospitals" to release a majority of
their patients on this medication. In time, the author
predicted, they would quit taking the medication and end up on
the streets (we did not even have the term, "street people",
back then). These types of frequent adverse consequences have
generated the need for the term, "tough love".
Confession: Agreeing in prayer with God...not just admitting
it...that what we have done is not in keeping with His righteousness. The born-again believer
is already "saved," and all people have been forgiven; but the act of confession invites
God's restoration of any damage the sin has caused or set in motion in the relationship with
Conscience: A person's conscience...believer or non-believer...is
the God-given capacity enabling that person's mental awareness to distinguish between right
and wrong. But this conscience must be "programmed"; how was/is yours programmed? See
Consecration: the setting apart of a person/persons or thing for the
worship or service of God.
Contrite: the state of being broken in spirit by a sense of guilt
or a sense of sorrow for one's sins.
Conversion: In the Christian arena, this refers to that moment in
the mind of an individual when (aroused by the testimony or effects of an individual or
event...one of The Elect...prepared and "set up" by the Holy Spirit) a person decides to
place his trust in Jesus by accepting the gift from God of salvation. By accepting, one turns from darkness to light...the
"eyes are opened". After conversion comes...hopefully but not for sure...regeneration (if the
Conviction: noun...State of being brought to belief or understanding
that something applies to you. "I heard the sermon and have become convicted of my
sinfulness!" Having a conviction about something is far "heavier" than having an opinion
about a matter: no one is ever willing to die over an opinion about a matter; Christians by
the thousands, however, have been willing to die for those beliefs powerful enough to be
Courage: a virtue which...in our context...pertains less to rare
hero episodes and more to a state of being able to live life with an absence of fear. You
live fearless because you have mastered the fear through your relationship with God through
Jesus, gaining confidence and trust through faith.
Covenant: a solemn
or bond (contract) and originally was in the Hebrew sense of a bond between God & God's
people...a non-parity (suzerain...not between equals) agreement. This is a basic way
of societal operation in those times (until well into the history of the covenantal form of USA government) which
sets the context (the society mindset) for biblical implication of those living Biblical
times & our subsequent modern interpretation. In that the agreement is between vastly
different unequals, biblical covenants ought to be viewed somewhat like treaties of biblical
times between humans, the commonest being a suzerainty treaty. OF ANCIENT TREATIES, there were two: (1) a
"parity treaty" was between equals and (2) a "suzerainty treaty" (the Hittite king was a
"suzerain") between unequals (usually between the nations of the conqueror & the
conquered). Beyond the simple legal sense of a contract, a covenant between people of God
goes in strength to the point of being a sin before God if the covenant is broken. A
divine covenant always involves a blessing from God to the one/people entering into covenant!
Creed: a carefully & concisely consensus written statement
of the faith (such as Apostle's Creed, Nicene Creed, and Athenasian Creed).
Cult: A cult is a group of people polarized around an
individual with a magnetic personality, who deviates from orthodox Christianity by distorting
the central message of the Bible by additional revelation or by introducing their personal
aberrant understanding of primary biblical doctrines such as the person of Jesus Christ,
heaven, hell, salvation, atonement, the virgin birth, etc.
- Occult: Secret
or hidden knowledge. This knowledge is not discerned by the five senses and is therefore,
supernaturally received through the practice of divination.
- Witchcraft: The use of scripturally forbidden supernatural powers to
manipulate people and events. Commonly known as the "craft of the wise" or "Wicca", the worship
of nature and the feminine energies of "mother nature". Witchcraft is manifested in two
opposing views: white magic, and black magic or witchcraft (see Deuteronomy
Magic: the use of supernatural power
to manipulate a person or an event to bring about good. The practice of divination is used to
bring about "positive" results such as knowledge, healing, etc.
Magic: the use of supernatural power
to manipulate a person or an event to bring about evil or destruction. Manipulation is achieved
by use of rituals and the casting of spells.
- Satanism: unlike witchcraft, Satanism is the worship of Satan,
formerly known as Lucifer, and the practice of Black Magic. Satanism is a reaction against the
Christian church and the Word of God in particular. Satanism is a demonic mindset that promotes a do-what-you-want attitude and is
ultimately the worship of oneself.
Curse: to be
cursed means to endure God's judgment on sin.
Death: The Bible indicates that the only things that last
eternally are souls and the Word of God. When you die, your body will biologically cease to
exist as a living organism. But your soul will leave (the Jesus-saved will become absent from
the body and present with the Lord in Heaven, God's chosen of Israel...certain Jews...go to
Abraham's bosom, while the unsaved go to Sheol) your body, and that body degenerates in its
grave. The souls are thought to be in a sort of "limbo" (think of going under
anesthesia...they ask you to count to ten...you make it to two & then it seems like the
nurse coaxes you back up at 3...even though it was a 2 hour operation). The Bible speaks of
the dead as asleep. Near death experiences (NDE)
studies shed some extremely re-assuring
information as to the afterlife. Upon the return of Jesus, ALL of God's humans will be "raised" from the
grave...probably not at the same time; and then comes the Judgment
within the context of a perfectly loving and grace-filled God
(as clarified so by Jesus).
Denomination: As with protestant Christian churches, these are the
administratively man-formed organizations of like-minded people who worship and work
together. As seriously studying believers undergo the discipleship of how to live The Way,
different areas of scripture are interpreted differently or placed at different levels of
order of importance. Probably a high percentage of the members of any given denomination (for
example, the Baptist, Methodist, or Lutheran Protestant denominations) are only casually
aware of the differences between denominations. Many are critical of denominational
differences; but, The Body of Believers is formed of many (personal/individual; local church;
denominational; greater church) parts...which, in being varied, may be used of God in highly
different ways on earth.
Dispensation: check this out
marital: a sending out, sending
away, casting out (implying with little thought, notice, or provision)...originally referring
to the nearly thoughtless casting-out of a wife by a husband. Though divorce is one of
His prohibited things, even God granted a certificate of Divorce
between Himself and the nation of Israel (Jeremiah 3:8) !
Doctrine: A formulated belief about a particular aspect or topic
upon which two or more persons declare agreement to believe.
Elect, the: Those who are chosen, foreknown, and "set apart" (as if
on a checklist) for eternal life with God...set apart through Jesus by election. In a similar way, Israel
was & is God's chosen (elected) people/nation. Jesus was God's elect son, chosen to
redeem mankind from sin. The Body of Christ, The Church, is the elect people of Jesus (having a special receptivity to the Gospel message), chosen
for their life purpose of glorifying God. The 144,000 of the Bible book of Revelations are
Jesus-believing messianic Jews elected to spread the Gospel through the tribulation period of
7 years (a time when previous true believers will have gone already...the Rapture of The
Church...to be with Jesus). Biblically speaking , then, election refers to God's sure choice of a person or persons to
fulfill a divinely appointed purpose. Unless you be careful to know which elect group a Bible passage refers to, overall confusion can
result. Jesus died to pay the sin debt of all. Since the true Jesus believer is indwelt forever after due to having been blessed with this special receptivity to the Gospel, that indwelling Spirit continues within him/her in Heaven and gives perfect receptivity to the love and one-ness with God through eternity!
Endurance: hanging in there...hanging on...refusing to quit;
"tenacity" is another step beyond endurance.
Epiphany: Generally, it is an appearance, a showing, a flash of revolutionizing
insight. The "epiphany season" recognizes and celebrates that the visit of the Magi pronounced
the presence of God's new covenant of grace in Jesus Christ. For individual Christians...constantly being worn down by the fallenness of general "life" in this world, it actually is a season of: "Tell me again what God is like." Then we remember that JESUS is our view...our insight...of what God is REALLY like. See epiphany as to the church calendar.
Evangelist: advocate, ambassador, announcer, proclaimer, "messenger"
(of the Gospel). To evangelize is to be involved in any aspect of "messengering" (in
religion, taking the message of that religion). It is a word highly associated with
Christianity, and it refers to one involved in taking the message of the Gospel [the good
news of the eternal salvation purchased by Jesus and available to any who will claim it ] of
Jesus Christ. A proselyte is a "newcomer"; so, to proselytize (in Christianity) is to go
beyond being a messenger and to engage in any or all that might lead to a person becoming a
"newcomer"...a convert to Christianity.
Evil: Just as darkness, in the physical world, is the absence of light, evil is the state within and among those who are distant from God. That is, evil manifests itself in the absence of God. [this is not the same as presence or absence of "religion]
Faith: All humans operate daily on huge doses of some sort of faith. God appreciates and loves being believed...having us
have spiritual "faith" in Him. When we board an airplane, we have faith that the machine works and that
the pilot and crew know what they are doing. Rev. Tony Evans jokingly says that a child once
told him, "Faith [spiritual] is believing in something you know isn't true!" Faith is sometimes confused
with "positive thinking", which it is not. And faith has little to do with intense
commitment, determination, or effort. Do
you lack assurance about The Truth? "The
World" says, "seeing is believing." Yet, the world accords huge faith in science, government, leaders, airline pilots, doctors, teachers, preachers, etc. It does so without little or no actual proof which that indivual has self-ascertained. No, they have faith in the very distant direction and advice of others who also depend on others, etc.
True biblical, spiritual faith is the reverse: "Believing is
seeing". (1) Hebrews 11:1 defines it, "Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of
what we do not see." (2) St. Augustine is said to have said, "Faith is the ability to believe in
things unseen but known to be true." (3) Or, faith is the assurance of things hoped for, perceiving as real fact what is not revealed to the senses. (4) One pastor said, "Faith is when I decide to
step toward God, & I feel confident that He will receive me and not incinerate me!"
All of chapter 11, the book of Hebrews, is often
referred to as the "roll call of faith". Spiritual faith is strengthened through the (1) hearing of, (2) the
reading of, and (3) the experiencing of the works of God. As believers become mature in their spiritual
"walk", they become more able to have some vision of what God desires to do in and through
their lives. An outcome of faith is acting and trusting God in harmony with that vision. Spiritual faith leads to a
deliberate, confident belief and reliance upon the perfect character of God, a God full of
love, grace & faithfulness, whose ways we may not understand and whose will we increasingly desire. Faith
is the heroic effort of the believer's life: God wants us to risk it all in an abandoned,
reckless CONFIDENCE...faith...in Him! Faith is
trust or commitment to what you think is true, and Jesus Himself is the author and perfecter
of your faith (Hebrews 12:2)! Again, Sarah Young says, "Faith is
the assurance of things hoped for, confirmation of things we do not see, and the conviction of
their reality, perceiving as real fact what is not revealed to the senses". Faith cannot be measured quantitatively. Faith is not something to be increased, as in blowing up a baloon or filing up a gasoline tank. The apostles begged, "Increase our faith!" [Luke 17:5], and Jesus immediately replied, "If you have faith as small as a mustard see, you can say to that mulberry tree, 'Be uprooted and planted in the sea', and it will obey you." Check out another summary!
Fatalism: This "-ism" comes up in the consideration of God's
attributes of omniscience and omnipotence. "Fatalism" says that all things "are" and,
therefore, must "be"...so, all things are in essence decreed...made so by "fate". The truth
is, God has appointed this and that, not because it must be so, but because it is best that
it should be so. Fate is blind, but the destiny of Biblical scripture is full of "eyes". God
does nothing by chance but is always purposeful. God does allow consequences; sometimes He spares consequences. In our fallen world and the fallen state of humanity, we all make choices, and all choices have consequences (so, things are not "set" on course so that life occurs robotically). What we do not know and cannot ascertain for sure is whether events or things "happen" because a purposeful and loving God makes it happen. Or did it "just happen" as a consequence of action or inaction in a fallen world. It is not fatalism to say, "it is what it is" about a current situation.
Father: At its most basic, this can just mean the biological
male to an offspring (paternity...one who begets). More complexly, it refers to all that
surrounds the status...the relationship...of "fatherhood"...the one who raises you or brings
you up as a child. In that sense, it can become more personal, endearing, intimate, closer
(not distant) and "bonded" as in "Daddy"...the Biblical word for "Daddy" being "Abba". As William
Barclay noted, "If God is our Father, then our fellow man is our brother. The only possible
basis for democracy is the conviction of the fatherhood of God."
Fear: In biblical times of yesteryear, "fear" meant to reverence and/or take very seriously; to honor and
respect; to not treat lightly, casually, or flippantly (as in : "the fear of the Lord"). As a
reflection of this type of fear, you will see a believer stop fighting against God's commands
and turn to being delighted in God's advice, convinced that God's way is the RIGHT way. "In
the fear of the Lord there is strong confidence, and his children will have refuge. The fear
of the Lord is a fountain of life, that one may avoid the snares of death (King Solomon in
Proverbs 14:26-27)." In a chapter describing how wisdom calls, Proverbs 8:13 notes, "The fear
of the Lord is to hate evil; pride and arrogance and the evil way and the perverted mouth, I
Feelings: Feelings are the conscious recognition of emotional cues, signals,
and responses from within a person. In one sense, feelings could be partly viewed as our internal "profiling radar". Feelings may arise out of memory of real experiences. The
danger is that they may arise out of imagined, distorted, or ingrained beliefs that are not
accurate...the feelings, thereby, being illogical and unreasonable. Feelings can be on a
spectrum from very subtle to extremely powerful. While a very important part of the fabric of
living a life, fickle feelings aren't trustworthy as a guide to decision making in
life. Once becoming a follower of Jesus and The Way, a person's feelings may include that wee small voice of the indwelling Holy Spirit.
Fellowship: Christian fellowship the ongoing process of spending time together in the
activities of believer families and the activities of the church.
Fidelity: a virtue covering far more than sexual matters, it
broadly has to do with "keeping the faith" in our relationship and walk with God through
Flesh: Biological "flesh" degrades & "rots" after
biological death. The other "flesh" is the natural part in its fallen state of humanity...the "natural self"...of each
human's life that stands...deliberately or ignorantly...in opposition to God [see this]. The opposition usually manifests
itself by challenging the restrictions that God has set for mankind's own good. Flesh is easily & naturally subject through that
window in human nature to a person's soul through which Satan tempts (temptation is not a
sin...James 1:14-15) and entices lust which affects your spirit (in the believer, God speaks through that window through His Holy Spirit to your personal
human spirit). Human's are slaves to whom they obey, and that means that we are all slaves
("masters of our lives") to varying degrees to "the flesh". On working toward submission to
The Lord & working closer in our relationship to Him, we become more freed of the intensity of that pull toward the flesh & sin. At death we
lose our biological flesh and our other "flesh" & become unopposed to the Gospel &
possibly ready to unanimously accept Jesus as Savior when He makes His visit to "the dead".
Other uses: (1) true Jehovah-Godly spiritual marriage brings two humans truly together..."one flesh". (2) At
the Lord's supper, Jesus, saying to "eat His flesh", meant for the believer to continually
relate and abide in Jesus...and many think that Jesus is mysteriously in the elements of the Lord's supper
(consubstantiation & transubstantiation). (3)"The Word became flesh" means that God's
Word became a human...taking on human nature but remaining so submitted to God that He
lived a perfect life...as the specific Jesus of Nazareth.
means to give up your right of revenge & desire to extract punishment for the
offence...quit counting a "wrong" against the wrongdoer. But, know this
The ability to bestow forgiveness is a virtue and
very difficult for anyone to do truly & from the heart who is not indwelt by the Holy
Spirit. Jesus warns of the dire personal consequences of an unforgiving heart [HERE]. Forgiveness has at
least two aspects:
the offender pays a price (or a sacrifice) which warrants forgiveness in
the sense of redemption (Jesus did this for
mankind, making a basis for eternal salvation & the eternal divine relationship perfected by that forever indwelling Holy Spirit).
- And the acceptance
by God of that payment should cause a release from such as guilt in the mind and heart of the
offenders willing to be believers.
Say that we are friends, and you steal my valuable item (and I know
that you took it). I can forgive within myself and just buy myself another item. But you will lug
around an internal burden of guilt until the day that you confess to me, and I accept you anyhow
and forgive you (and release you from the mental debt). For the sake of the divine fellowship of
believers with God,
- Jesus paid the
redemptive, sacrificial price:
- for all of mankind,
and that redemption is actually personally completely effected/claimed upon saving belief and the fact of
the new birth...being born again by the incoming indwellin of the Holy Spirit into the divine relationship of eternal salvation: a forgiveness that impacts
The person can then gain
future additional benefit with the constant unburdening (while still on Earth) that comes with
his/her regular confessing (I John 1:9) of sins as he/she has them regularly revealed during
his/her lifetime. For the sake of the fellowship between God & the believer, this process constantly
releases the believer from the guilt of those sins.
The parable of the unmerciful servant makes it
clear (Matthew 18:21-35) that a heavy price will be paid by believers who will not forgive
other believers. But what Jesus asks may be just a way to make us realize that we NEED a
savior and how thankful we are to have a savior...because there is no way we could hold to
such a standard on our own will power. See this website for some very
moving accounts of forgiveness.
Gentiles: all (not Jews) humans not descended from Abraham and
Sara of the Bible Old Testament.
Generosity: a virtue meaning to give willingly to others of what you
Glory: The Hebrew root word stands for importance; weightiness;
heaviness; awesomeness. As to God, His unique significance and preeminence.
Glorify: do things to enhance something/someone very important to
you; amplify, hold up the importance of, show off, or emphasize their awesome importance. Few
things glorify God more than our actually living out acts of life in the manner that Jesus has
advised, especially as acted out in relational acts of love as in the two summation commands
of Jesus that we (1) love God & (2) our neighbor as ourselves, HERE. Glorification is the state
of being glorified...being held up as awesome. In effect, God says that those close to him
must glorify Him before all people (Leviticus 10:3).
Gospel: Gospel = "good news". Here is the good news: (1) Jesus
died to pay the price for the sins of allmankind (savior). (2) Jesus
affirmed/proved who He is by arising from the dead. (3) Upon a person's true belief in Jesus, the Holy Spirit of God comes into that person to indwell forever [how could such indwelling NOT enhance the relationship to perfection?]. (4) Jesus, the Prince of Peace, is coming
again to rule.
The original Greek word, "evangelion", means "good
news". Prior to its New Testament use, evangelion was most often used to describe good news
from the battlefield...a victory had been won when this word was used. "God was reconciling
the world to Himself in Christ" (2 Corinthians 5:19)...these words being the essence of "the
gospel" message! Do you know the truth of the "good news"?
Gnostic: one with a world view prizing "knowing" secret or
special information that lifts one above the mundane & the all-to-human. A
Grace: Unlike any other
religion, Christianity is rooted in what a loving, gracious, and merciful God has done for
us. At the root of grace is what God has done & also what God promises to do for us! Grace is the combined feelings,
attitude, or actions toward someone in a way or manner far better than that person deserves. The
grace of God is God's goodness & kindness and free sovereign favor manifested toward the
ill-deserving (all humans)...to those who cannot possibly earn it (no human can earn it).
Grace is God's unmerited favor poured out on the undeserving. "Grace is the inexhaustible
supply of the goodness of God doing for us what we do not deserve, could never earn, and
would never be able to repay." His full and perfect grace can not be earned and, yet, is
fully & perfectly available to all persons and GUARANTEED to be delivered to all who will honor His
goodness by believing in Him the way He wants mankind to believe...through His son Jesus of
Nazareth. The first sovereign work of grace is salvation...the second, sanctification. Grace
gives the illusion of tolerance; and, if not properly interpreted, the supply of grace can be
incorrectly construed by the recipient as a license to sin. Grace is the pipeline to the
power of God! To the Jesus follower, there is to be the goal of the primacy of grace. The
Law...legalism...depending primarily on laws and regulations with punishment if caught, tried
& convicted...can NEVER achieve what grace and mercy can in human relationships (this is
NOT to say that there should be no rules).
Grace was bought totally by the sacrifice of Jesus
on the cross. Jesus is "the Way"...the cause...the pipeline for the divine application of
God's grace. His death bought the grace to save all mankind from being eternally out of
favor...out of relationship with the divine Creator. That entire grace came totally at once.
A vitally important extension of that total package of grace is activated by a human
accepting Jesus as Lord & Savior. On doing so, the Holy Spirit enters that human to
"mark" him/her and make available (become the means of this grace) an active, direct, divine
connection for help in leading the life on earth. There is never a moment when the entire grace of God is shut off from the Jesus believer.
Greed: a consistent desire to have more or demand the best
without regard to need.
Guilt: state of being wrong, in error, illegal, in sin. We are
"legally" guilty the moment we wrong or sin. Soul, heart, or spiritual guilt builds quietly
within, psychologically disturbing most (but not all) people to varying degrees. Inability to
personally shake off guilt, once it is recognized, comes from a combination of failing to
properly confess guilt and from an inaccurate understanding of God and what He has done
in Jesus Christ. Being saved believers, we
will yet stumble many times. So, it is of vital importance for the believer to remember that
God has BESTOWED the attribute of righteousness on the believer...we do not earn and re-earn
that attribute. By grace it is bestowed (yet not being a license to sin, either). Beware
especially of false guilt, one of Satan's favorite tools: it is the condition of feeling
guilty for something that we have not done (example: modern southern Americans feeling guilty
for the slavery that occurred 150 years ago). On the other hand, even for the mature and
active Jesus believer, guilt, though painful, provides a very effective warning system to
steer us away from encountered sin, to convict one of a sinful act, to urge one toward
confession of the sin, and to aid one towards repentance from that sin.
Hallowed: From the Biblical Greek "hagiazein", to treat as
holy...set (higher, not ordinary) apart, that is, to "hold sacred", to hold in reverence. As
to God, to give to God the reverence, the honor, the glory, the praise, the exaltation, and
the veneration which His character demands.
Happiness: Unlike joy, happiness is fickle and totally depends on a
person's ever changing circumstances. The word refers to our overall sense of satisfaction
with life at any given moment...depending on what is happening in our lives. joy and happy or happiness are not the
Hate: (1) commonly: intense dislike (2) sometimes in Bible:
denied as something of a highest priority (as in John 12:23-25...hate your life... and Luke
14:26...hate your father and mother).
Heart: that center-core "self" within an
Hell: where souls go (or would have gone without the atonement
of the death of Jesus) in the absence of being made righteous for Heaven with God. [more]
Heresy: In the second century BC, by way of the writings of Josephus, this word was a neutral word (meaning school of thought) akin to our modern use of the word "denomination". It was later in Christianity that the word took on the negative meaning of doctrinal departures from revealed truth and/or the spreading
of erroneous information (for the Christian: spreading erroneous info about God, Jesus, the
Holy Spirit, and Christian matters). One who does such is an heretic.
Holy: This term does not mean "goody goody". This is a spititual designation of being in the position or status of "set
apart for sacred use" from all that is sinful (God, Himself, is only perfectly holy; any human who is holy is only so
through the declaration of God...not by worthiness or fact). For the
Christian, the incoming indwelling of each believer by the Holy Spirit fundamentally marks that person as
one set apart (holy) by God...one deemed by God (not earned) to be in that position of being
Holy Spirit: He is the "comforter" (Greek word Parakletos) or
"paraklete" entity of the triune God...God as His own personal representative here on
earth...the part of God to come alongside a person so as to lend strength and encouraging
Hope: A positive, wishful expectation for the future. True
hope, real hope comes from knowing the truth. It comes from seeing/experiencing, and/or
believing from historical/educational study, what is possible and believing that it will come
Hour: in Biblical times, an hour was one twelfth of the
daylight part of a day (see "time", below).
Humility: the condition (and there is a whole spectrum of
maturation in it) of being humble and not thinking of yourself as being more important than
anyone else; humility lacks vanity; it does not require self-deprecation before others; it is
self-awareness that, in God's eyes and by God's perfect standards, we all fall so far short
that there is no divinely real difference between the best of us and the worst of us. The
opposite of pride.
Individual: this implies a "person" with all the attributes that
make them unique. See here; also "person" and
Idolatry: the state of giving top priority to some thing or
activity or "god" other than the one, true God of Abraham. It involves: (1) constructing a
mental idea of a deity that bears little resemblance to the God who actually exists; and/or
(2)the giving of respectability to our own opinions of God formed out of our own likeness;
and/or (3) fashioning an idea of God according to our personal inclinations and
Whether one dances around, or kneels before, a
little statue or not is the least relevant; the lowered priority (less than #1) and/or
inaccurate view (non-Biblical) of who/what God is represent the key components of idolatry.
To put it in words as easily understandable as possible: top-priority faith and dependency
onanything ahead of God and
His will represents a kind of (maybe unconscious and ignorant) idolatry! Pray to be cleansed
entirely of idolatry!
Integrity: the state of your "togetherness"...whether you "have it
all together"...BUT, importantly, the word has to do with how well and smoothly all of the
"parts" of you are fitting and functioning together to form ONE WHOLE "you"...how much your
"you" is the same "you" whether it be Saturday, Sunday, at work or at home, out with the boys
or at lunch with the preacher. It is the opposite of the type of "compartmentalization of
self" for which president Clinton is so famous. By custom, and much more narrowly, we tend to
use "integrity" in reference to those who have "got it together" with their virtues on a very
high moral plane.
Jealous: desire to be #1 in the minds of a person or others as to
any of a variety of things; that emotion of displeasure with someone else's good
Jesus: He is the savior of mankind, the son of God, being the
second person of the Trinitarian God, the one born of Mary in Bethlehem and a resident of Nazareth.
The name "Jesus" is from "Yeshua", the Aramaic street language of Judea, which is from the Hebrew "Yehoshua" which means: "Yahweh saves" or "Jehovah's
deliverer". Years later it became "Iesous" in Greek (which became "Iesus" in the Latin of Rome), and later being "Jesus" in English. As
the prophesied messiah, in Hebrew: "Ha-Mashiah"...messiah, many Jewish Christians refer to
Jesus as: "Yeshua Ha-Mashiah".
As approximately stated in the book, Killing Jesus, Jesus would never write a book, compose a song, or put paint on a canvas. But two thousand years from His birth, after His message has spread to billions of people, more books will be written about His life,, more songs sung in His honor, and more works of art created in His name than for any other man in the history of the world!
John: at least when applied to John the Baptist, the name
means "God is gracious".
Joy: This refers to a sort of state of mind operating in a
positive and uplifting manner from a position of divinely granted positional strength,
despite a person's circumstances. Because of "joy", one can rejoice even during severe
trials. The divinely secured position from which one exudes joy is that of being a child of
God through the true acceptance of Jesus Christ as Savior: (1) there is, therefore, a
personal relationship between the true believer and Jesus; and (2) the indwelling of the Holy
Spirit serves as a wellspring of joy as you become more and more like Jesus. Joy is not the
same as happiness. The most complete
& comprehensive joy is possible ONLY through belief in Jesus conferring that special
relationship with God, being active in which relationship YOU must choose to give
Justice: receiving consequences which your actions deserve. Jesus
satisfied the justice of God by taking upon Himself the death penalty that sinful humanity
Justification: the process of assembling evidence to show that your
position is "right". A teenager tries to "justify" his/her desire to stay up late on a school
night. As to God and "justification", it is a sovereign and divine act whereby an infinitely
holy God judicially declares a believing and still-sinning sinner to be righteous and
acceptable...judicially pronounced "cleaned up"... before Him because Jesus has borne the
sinner's sin on the cross and actually become the believer's state of righteousness as seen
by God..."just as if" (just i fy) the sinner had never sinned. Jesus' willing and God-planned
death on the cross completely (there is not a single thing a human can add to what Jesus
did...Jesus will be all or none...no amount of "works" adds a thing) paid the
price of justification for the redemption all of mankind, for all past, present, and future
sin. Therefore, in doing so, Jesus performed THE act that a PERFECT God agrees with and on
which basis eternal afterlife salvation is "justified". IF/when an "elect" person will use his/her free-will choice and
make a decision to believe in Jesus and that Jesus did it, the person will have a new life on
earth. In John 19:30 Jesus declares the work of justification, "It is finished."
Justification is a available by the grace, alone, of God...because of Jesus at/on the cross;
and it is absorbed by the believer by the mechanism of faith, alone; and the
reflection/manifestation of such conscious appropriation (acceptance and receipt of) of
justification is "works" or "doing" as an earthly Christian.
THE LAW: Commandments issued by God to show us how perfect we must
be....thereby showing the futility of trying on our own...thereby finally to convince us,
once and for all, that we MUST have a savior...to lead us to Jesus (Galatians 3:24); and He
sent Jesus as that savior to save us. To the Jews, The Law consisted of all that was said in the first five books of the Old Testament Bible. As to lawbreaking and sin, condemnation is the opposite of
Levites: These were a tribe of priests and Temple guards directly descended from Levi, a son of the patriarch, Jacob.
Lie: a fundamental vice, being the loveless misuse of
language, behavior, and actions with the conscious or subconscious intentional and
premeditated design of deceiving another....never an accident or a slip.
"lost persons": (lost; the lost) this is a New Testament biblical term
describing the spiritual condition of persons who have not received Christ as their personal
Lord and Savior. To the Jesus believer, this a "tag" for sadly labeling...NOT for passing
judgment...people who either actually deny Jesus or who appear not to be actual true
believers...destined for an eternity separated from God. We cease to be lost when our own
internal spirit is made alive by being born again (John 3:1-21). Thereby, the believer can
choose to involve himself in that lost person's life so as to be a participant in
the dynamic process leading to a choice for Jesus...for eternal
Love: God, our heavenly Father, is love. Jesus, through the
indwelling Holy Spirit, is able to transform a person into one now equipped to truly love...He is the
agent for implanting this divine attribute (when truly approaching agape love) into mankind. This word
has 3 big meanings. (1) Erotic (from eros) love is sexual love. (2) Filial (from Greek,
philo..."I love") love is not about sex but about attachment to, and a particular personal
affection for, a person...a human-type "brotherly love". (3) Agape love is a high-minded, virtuous devotion (Greek agapas)
out of personal judgment and deliberate choice to be devoted to a person, the highest expression of agape love is the love of God toward His creation. And, see the 5 love
languages identified by Gary Chapman [here]: giving/receiving physical touch, giving/receiving words of
affirmation, giving/receiving acts of service, giving/receiving quality time, &
giving/receiving gifts [short love essay here].
As to love for The Lord, such love is demonstrated by obedience. Death is the opposite of
love! In John 21:15-18, Jesus challenges Peter. Peter had bragged many times amongst the other disciples that he would be the last to turn his back on (deny) Jesus. Now Jesus asks Peter three times, "Do you love me?" In the first two, He uses the word for "agape" love; Peter hedges. Then Jesus, the third time, uses the more human word form ( "phileo"), and Peter admits & agrees that his love is at that level (I find it interesting to read some Bible commentaries about this exchange).
Loyalty: an essential ingredient in your relationship with our
triune God...devotion to God...a thing of the heart....a sort of steadfast, faithful love. It
is a factor which can grow and grow.
Lust: stimulated fleshly desire.
Magi: these were people from "The East" who brought gold
(symbolizing a lavish gift for a king), frankincense (a fragrance symbolizing divinity), and
myrrh (an embalming herb, foreshadowing His death) to Jesus as an act of worship, making them
the first gentiles to worship Jesus [see shepherd, below]. Magi were experts in astrology and
Meek: the condition, state, or attitude of bridled
power...tamed strength. A calm, gentle temper of mind, not easily provoked. Meekness is not
weakness. The opposite of wimpy. The meek will inherit the earth (Matthew 5:5, KJV). [additional concept
Mercy: not receiving what (punishment) you justly
Mind: This is more than a person's brain. We are sure, that of all God's creation, at least humans are convincing shown to have complex minds for the consideration of pros and cons, god and bad, ethical and nonethical, merciful and merciless, etc.
For each individual, the mind is the place of formation of beliefs which then guide the person with his/her set of personal standards of behavior. The mind is the computer tio guide in skill of "right relationships". The mind is the personal intersection between things of heaven and earthly things. And, because of its centrality in a person's conduct of his/her life, it is the battleground between heaven and earth, HERE.
Minister: a Christian servant to the local body of believers by
way of an attitude that those believers are superior to the one ministering to their needs. A
chain of command or organization is implied: from Jesus at the top (the Great High Priest of
God) down to each individual believer who is willing to take up his/her ministry to
Name: In modern times, this word indicates that which one is
called by...what is your name? In Biblical times, the "name" summarized and manifested the
personal character of him/her who was named. As the "name" is uttered, a major part of the
verbal experience is the emotion...in a flash...of the memory of all that the named person
stands for. As to God, the Name of God means the nature, the character, and the personality
of God as they have been revealed to us.
Obey, obedience: doing what is asked or commanded. Obedience is the
language of love to God...if you obey Him, obedience expresses your love for Him. Jesus
Christ is life's Great Liberator; obedience is the threshold, and the Great Liberator knocks
at your door!
Ordinance: "ordinance" and "sacrament" are similar, with sacrament
inclined toward the sacredness of it and ordinance inclined toward the divine authority with
which it was ordered or ordained......a divine vehicle through which power
Ordination: usually a ceremony & usually associated with a
laying on of hands by those already set apart and vested with ministerial authority...an act
of the organized church; no example of Jesus doing such.
Passion (of Christ): In the era of Jesus, a suffering or enduring of imposed
or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress; specifically, the suffering of Christ between
the time of the last supper and his death, esp. in the garden upon the cross. Our modern
definition is more about a strong desire or drive.
Pastor: a shepherd over the congregation of believers,
- orders the worship
service and preaches the Word
- provides and
oversees the care of the congregation (that local body of believers)
- functions as the
head of that local body of believers
meaning of this most-important word quickly comes to mind for most people as: the absence of
conflict and/or turmoil...even the absence of war...and the removal of tension from a situation..
Jesus means much more in John 14:27, however. But what about inner
frustrations due to unfulfilled dreams, unreached potential, or disillusioning circumstances? True
peace is an internal thing...it abides no matter what the external circumstances...and it can
dissolve all of that disappointment and frustration! It springs from an innermost source. While
other solutions can touch positively on that innermost source, the completeenablement of that
inner source can only be switched on by the
inner presence of the Prince of Peace, Jesus Christ. Only He can deliver the true, inner peace that
settles your mind and spirit! Here's how!
Penitent: repentant, sorrowful, contrite, in a mood to make
amends. The penitential church wide period in the church calendar is the Lent season.
Perplexed: the apostle Paul used it to mean that point of feeling
that "there is absolutely no way out" of the situation you are in. A more modern definition
would call it a state of complex, tangled confusion about what to do about
Person: a being...this word encompasses human and spiritual
beings. The Trinity = God in 3 persons (the Father, the Son, and the Holy
Personality: the manner in which a person expresses who they are in
everyday actions. Gary Smalley has popularized four types [see as a parameter of components
of individualness here].
Pharisees: A group of pious (highly religious toward Jewish traditions) teachers who oversaw the schools in the synagogues, teaching the children Hebrew and instructing them in Jewish law. Therefore, they were sticklers about Jewish lawin every arena of Jewish life.
Praise: appreciating someone's worth and value by telling them
the ways and attributes which you find so valuable. Linked also to thanksgiving and
Prayer: the act of communing with God...becoming "one" with
God...relating deliberately with God. God already knows what you need before you ask (Matthew
6:8). We also use prayer (1) as "how to" examples for our children or those we are discipling who are new in the faith, (2) as a means of sharing our thoughts & prayer words with someone for whom we are lifting a prayer. (3) As part of worship services, we might participate together (corporate prayer) in prayer as part of the order of worship of that gathering. (4) In various situations, prayer can inspire those who participate and hear. (5) And there may be other types of prayer habits or means such as a "National Day of Prayer". It is so very important to not let prayer be just a perfuntory ritual without mindful intent & participation. And it should not be something that is done to gain recognition or fame amongst the hearers and bystanders. In the end, in order to emphasize that the key point of prayer is that you are speaking to God, Jesus advised that we shut ourselves in a closet to pray (Matthew 6:6...so that we are focused on God and not on impressing others). Some "how to" info [here].
Lord's prayer [here].
Preacher: one who speaks publicly, giving a religious discourse,
usually based on a text of Scripture.
Predestined: set aside in a special category [here]
Pride: attitude of a "not-depending-on-God" type of
self-dependency; self-preoccupation, inordinate self-esteem, vainglory ; a putting of "self"
on the throne...in essence, the deification of self; C. S. Lewis is said to have pronounced
"pride" to be THE GREAT SIN.
Priest: A person with a double outreach ministry. He/she reaches
out toward both God & man as a mediator, aiming to stand between the two and help bring
them together toward unification. Priesthood would relate similarly.
Prodigal: as an adjective [the prodigal son...Luke 15:11-32], it
means extravagantly wasteful and squandering of what one already has or is being given
(money, talent, position, opportunity, relationship). A prodigal person (noun) is one who
acts that way. The prodigal son squandered both his inheritance and position until he found
himself eating with hogs. Many a believer has a prodigal season within their walk with Jesus
(saved when young and squander the "saved relationship" and position until turning back to
the Lord in later life).
Promised Land: All of that land promised by God to Abraham and his
descendants (Israelites/Jews), "From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great
river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea
[Mediterranean] toward the going down of the sun, shall be your coast [Joshua 1:4]." Compared
to modern-day Israel, this is a more vast promise...but the people failed to obey God's
details for a complete conquest.
Prophet: one who is divinely inspired to communicate God's word
to His people and to disclose the future (such a disclosure is a prophecy) to them.
Everything a divine prophet declares will come true. They gave a divine perspective on
historical events. Old Hebrew law required the death penalty to anyone claiming prophetic
visions if the visions were in error or did not come to pass. Prophetic status was not
claimed lightly. [prophecy
Propitiation: a sacrifice bringing forth grace. By His sacrificial
death, Jesus was a propitiation in the God-mankind relationship....causing God to be
propitious (grace filled) toward mankind...fulfilling the need for a perfect atonement for
the sins of all of mankind.
Purity: The Old Testament has things to say about ritual impurity (such as the period of time during which a woman has her menses or the event of a nocturnal emission by a man). "Ritual impurities"
are things of everyday life that have nothing to do with sin, cleanliness, or hygiene. And, one only had to deal with one's own ritual impurity issues before going into the presence of God (into the Jerusalem Temple). The cure for most infractions was the ritual bath. Only the priests underwent cleansing with frequency. The most impressive focus on this cleansing was the sect of between a dozen to 150 Essene Jews in the small village of Qumran.
Rapture, the: the sudden "taking up"...rapture... of all those, dead or
alive, who are "His (the sheep in the sheepfold of Jesus Christ of Nazareth)" upon His sudden
and unknowable time of return. Or, is "The Rapture" a way of illustrating the fact that the
Romans (after Jesus' death) had begun, especially in Rome, to swoop upon those who actually
professed their Jesus belief & took them away to never be seen again & disposed of
all the property immediately? Or, was Paul explaining to a people who always wanted to know
who would be "first" in everything that those already dead in the faith would rise
first...AHEAD of the living...at His coming again (I Thessalonians 4:13-18)?
Reconcile: get it straightened out; get it worked
Redemption: while in Biblical times it meant "to release on receipt
of a ransom", a modern view is the state of having been "bought back" (as from a pawn shop)
or of making your value activated (the value of a coupon is activated when it is turned in);
when Jesus died on the cross it was as if he caused a coupon, good for eternal life in
heaven, to be available forever after to every human being. When a person reaches "saving
belief" in Jesus, the coupon is "made good", redeemed, for that person.
Regenerated: a process (born again) triggered after conversion
(deciding to accept God's gift) in which one receives God's gift of salvation by remission of
sin and is aware that he has received something from God...he/she is different, regenerated.
Regeneration then triggers the process of rehabilitation/sanctification. Though regeneration
has happened, sinful inner corruption still remains...we are in need of cleansing and
perfecting. You accept the gift; you receive the gift; you begin the change of your life into
Religion: Religion can be defined as a set of beliefs that answer the
ultimate questions: (1) What is humanity's primary problem? (2) What happens after death? (3) What
is ultimate reality?
There are many different religions. Some recognize a deity. Others
believe in nothingness. Some worship many gods.
What you believe in, whether in nothingness, many different gods, or
some other deity, is an attempt to fill the void deep within each person. Humanity is uncomfortable
with this spiritual void. People are searching for the sacred. There is a quest for inner peace and
meaning for life...in an effort to fill the aching void.
Religious: The opposite of secular; a depending on God (the
Christian depends on God by way of Jesus as the "High Priest" who intercedes and has paid the
price for the individual Christian believer so that the believer has a right to depend on
God) factors in life as "The Way" of life.
Remembrance: the recurring Biblical imperative to "remember" the past
great actions of God/Jesus....whether to a people or in your own individual family or
self...is not just so we will review the facts with gratitude and appreciation, but to
trigger decisions for renewal and to trigger re-realization of the ongoing receipt of the
Repent: change your mind about an issue, action, habit, etc. To
repent implies that a decision of commitment to change must be made. D. L. Moody is quoted as
saying, "Repentance is the tear in the eye of faith." Repentance is a change of mind that
results in a change of direction. To repent for salvation's sake (repenting in the sinners
prayer to accept Jesus into your heart) means to change from a life founded on self interests
to a life founded on Jesus' interests...choosing to take the narrow road (Matthew
Reprove: admonish, convict, find fault. The work of the Holy
Spirit will include the reproving of mankind (John 16:8).
Restraint: a virtue having to do with our responsibilities of
teaching and warning others...as to spiritual matters...toward the gift of salvation. We give
the message without judgment or anxiety...we point to the wide-open door. We must be creative
and personalizing in the giving of the message so that they can hear it; THEN, the hearer
makes a choice.
Righteous: That which does right by God & is predominantly
having to do with relationships (man with God; man with man...a great deal of the essence of
The Gospel). Righteousness = the state of living in right relationships. By the grace of God,
the mercies of God continually sustain and undercut any simple division of the righteous from
the unrighteous (Romans 1:18-3:20).
Sadducees: As sect (from 200 BC-70AD), they were some of the top religious voices of their day, they were equally pious about Hebrew ways and the Hebrew law but were wealthy and more liberal in their views & helped to maintain The Temple. Members tended to be local administrators of the Jewish state locally & internationally. They did not believe in fate or an an afterlife at all (your "rewards" or "bad outcomes" in life were much of your own making. Life was life and that was "it").
Sanhedrin: This was an "assembly" or council in each Hebrew town, and there was a Great Sanhedrin overall. These assemblies made judgements or judicial decisions until Rome finally abolished them in 358AD.
Saint: a "called out" one...called out by God in your new birth
as a Jesus follower..."one set apart" by God through Jesus Christ...the believer's new
spiritual identity (his/her identity is no longer that of a sinner)
Salvation: that state of having your soul saved/rescued from
eternal damnation; and, while alive on earth, living a saved/rescued life as a person indwelt
by the Holy Spirit of the God of Abraham. That is, one is brought to the place where one is
able to RECEIVE something from God...the remission of sin. WHY did God save us? Not because
of our faith, but because of His perfect Love. HOW did we merit His salvation? We didn't...it
is totally undeserved and is available by His grace, alone; we do not work our way into
deserving salvation...it is not won by works. Through faith and by God's grace alone (because
of the finished work of the redemptive sacrifice of Jesus on the cross of Calvary) the Jesus
believer is saved for eternity. Being a God of perfect purpose, we are saved for what
PURPOSE? God is intrinsically (by His perfect attribute of love) motivated to "save" us so
that He has a desired eternal set of relationships: He to receive eternal worship, praise,
and glory from us; and we are to be objects and recipients of His eternal kindness and love.
The gospel (good news) message may be a complex theological truth
whose depth is inexhaustible, but God has opened this door for the rescue of mankind in a way
so simple that a small child can "get it": "Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved"
(Acts 16:30-31). As James 2:14-26 portrays, this state of being saved should manifest itself,
however, by doing and works. The truly saved are quickly indwelt by the Holy Spirit and
anointed by the Spirit with one or more spiritual gifts given for the building up of The
Church. check out a synthesis
Sanctification: the condition in the believer...a life-long
evolution...whereby (and we progress along a maturing spectrum throughout our believing
lives) he/she has moved from Christian "conversion" (coming to belief) to "regeneration". And
he/she has begun rehabilitation by deliberately (exercise of free will) giving up
his/her "right" to himself/herself (self-centeredness) and giving that right over to the
arisen Jesus Christ. Thereby, he/she progresses to a self-identification which focuses more
and more on God's interest in other people...increasing in Christ-likeness and Christ-centeredness. One must begin to think like a
believer before one can really act like (rather than to sincerely pretend) a believer.
Sanctification means intense concentration on God's point of view. It is the "being saved"
and being baptized and being regenerated, experiential salvation life on earth. It is the
process of cleansing, of rehabilitating, and of perfecting the believer. It is a Holy-Spirit-empowered
impartation (in a willing believer) of His (Jesus') attributes into the
believer...not an imitation of the attributes of Jesus by the believer. It means being made
one with Jesus so that the disposition that ruled Him will rule us. Sanctification is "Christ
in you". [check out a synthesis]
With sanctification comes experiential baptism. [another synthesis]
Secular; secularism; secular
humanism: the non-religious
arena...a depending on the non-religious factors in life as "the way" of life. Secularism
doesn't necessarily deny God, but it is the practical exclusion of God from our thinking and
living. It is "this-worldliness". God becomes a remote or merely historical figure lacking
contact with the real problems of our day; and "humanism" suggests that the innate powers and
potential of "man" and humanity hold the solutions for societies.
Seek: to search for; and, as to the Trinitarian God of
Abraham, seeking has more to do with searching out a personal relationship between yourself
and God than it has to do with seeking knowledge about God. It has to do with experiencing and hearing from and seeing the activities of
Servant: one who is committed to cause someone else to
succeed...one who is moldable, obedient, and remains in the "master's" hand (ready and
available)...and one who remembers who is actually accomplishing The Work: God. A "bond
servant" (or bond slave) of biblical times was one who so loved being a slave under a certain
master that he did not want to be set free. So, a deal was struck between servant and master
(implying that both slave and master were exceptionally good persons); a hole was made in the
slave's ear and her wore a symbol of that particular master.
Shepherd: people who tend herds of livestock...in Biblical days,
the livestock being goats and sheep. The shepherds, in "Shepherd's Field" between Jerusalem
and Bethlehem, who heard the angelic announcement of the birth of Jesus became the first Jews
to worship Jesus [see Magi, above].
Sin: Sin is an act ommitted or committed that results in negative effects on "right relationships". Sin originally came into the world through the disobedience of Adam
& Eve [a short story]. Jesus pretty much clarified that even sinful thoughs are sinful, and that any one sin is as bad as any other. Further, he clarified that God is the loving father of mankind, His creation and not a hanging judge. God's son, Jesus, died to pay the sin debt for all past, resent, and future humans. Sin
is of two kinds:
- original sin or
depravity: that spiritually &, I
believe, genetically-altered-by-God inherited corruption of the nature of all the offspring of Adam
by reason of which everyone is:
downhill... & inclined toward the low road, negative mindset,
self-centered, and away from outward love toward God or humans.
>very far gone from (1) original righteousness or
the pure state at the time of human creation & (2) open to the internal incoming of
evil spirits; and,
>in a state of fundamental aversion or
disinclination to God; and,without a holy spiritual life; and,
>ALWAYS inclined continually to actual/personal
>This is so until the heart is "cleansed" by the
incoming baptism of the Holy Spirit & that human possesses the gift of the indwelling
Holy Spirit as helper.
>It may be an earthly struggle for an individual
learn to (1) call on that indwelling Holy Spirit (2) actually sense the leading, and (3)
decide to act accordingly! The results can be amazingly
- and actual or
>a voluntary violation of a known law (commandments) of God by one capable of
knowing right from wrong, which
>is not to be confused with involuntary and
inescapable shortcomings, infirmities, faults, mistakes, failures, or other deviations from a
standard of perfect conduct that are the residual effects of "the Fall" of original sin;
>includes attitudes or responses contrary to
the spirit of Christ, which may properly be called sins of the spirit; and/or,
>there are sins we commit (sins of
commission) and sins due to failure to do things (sins of omission).
>Personal sin is primarily and essentially a violation of
the law of
Sin is commonly thought of as active, willful, definite, negative
rebellion against God...a great amount of it able to be characterized in absolute terms...beginning
with the ten commandments. Sin has the
immediate and certain effect of placing separation or hindrance in the relationship between the person and (1) God and (2) humans. Sin...in both
attitude or behavior...acts to dam up the self-realization of the flow of God's grace into a
person's life. KEY POINT: there is no such thing as private sin...ALL sin is against
God, first and foremost. No sin...white lies or other...is considered trivial! All sin has
a root, and that root runs directly to a basic, unfulfilled need. Except for "pride", all sins cry
out, "I have a need!" Pride cries out, "I need nothing! I can manage by myself!" The
essence of sin is a shift from positive God-centeredness to self-centeredness...it is anything
which detracts from the glory of God. Because it can, therefore, be so subtle and unrecognized, we
need to pray to the Holy Spirit to search us and convict us of any unrecognized and unconfessed
sin. KEY POINT: because we let the evil spirits in, those spirits act out the sins through us. Such
evil spirits can be cast out in the name of Jesus! I am vaguely familiar with one small church used by God
to help cast such spirits & demonic forces out.
Soul: Only two things on earth are eternal: the soul of each
human and the Word of God. The soul is the non-material sum of a person's mind, will,
emotions, and spirit. God speaks to your soul through the window called your "spirit"; Satan speaks through
the window called "flesh".
Sovereign: as referring to God: His absolutely supreme headship and
power over all things. He can cause to have anything done which He desires to be done. He
does not NEED your money, your commitment, your approval, your support, your vote or anything
from anyone. If He desires that a thing occur, it can/will be done...no matter what. He is
under no external restraint whatsoever. Yet...though He is the supreme dispenser of all
events...He has determined, from the time of Adam and Eve forward, that an unknowable
proportion of the totality of what a "man" does will be according to mans' own free
Spirit: A person's internal human spirit is the "window" through
which God communicates with your soul. This spirit is like a radio
or TV receiver of all information of the senses and brain thoughts...and it is somewhat
self-tuning on its receiver dials...the receptor sites that are activated the most frequently
& intensely become the most sensitive...the most attuned...to their stimulants (righteous
receptors vs. lust receptors, for example). A person is composed of a physical self, a soul
self, and a spirit self (spirit being a component of soul). Demonic (sinful) and angelic
(righteous) spirits (evil vs. good) can influence & entice your spirit to conceive a
desire within you about which you make a decision or choice to act or not act on that desire.
If a sinful thought stimulates your spirit lust receptor for that sin, you may ignore it; or,
that thought might carry you away to conceive lustful thinking of you carrying out that
thought...and you may go ahead and actually act & carry out the thought. "Sin of
commission" (you "commit" a sin) is from the point of conception through the act of the
sin. When a believer feels "in the spirit" or "filled with the spirit", it means they are in
a state of real & focused worship& praise that gives the person a joyous and lifted
feeling. The Holy Spirit is YHWH God in the aspect of the enabler coach of the Holy Trinity.
Stewardship: The natural state of man, in a world in which all is
owned by God, is that man has no eternal possessions. Mans' "ownership" of anything of this
world terminates at death. But the concept of stewardship goes further: this is God's world;
all in it belongs... in every respect...to God. Everything...including our minds, talents,
abilities, physical attributes, and personalities...is on loan from God. Implied in the term
"stewardship" is that we must have the attitude of good and capable managers, heads,
overseers, and/or ambassadors of all that God owns and/or has temporarily gifted us
Submit to: as in "wives are to submit to husbands". The biblical
meaning is that one "put their things in order under"...[example] [about "authority"]
Substitution: the human race is acceptable to God, not because of any
human merit, but because of the death (as a propitiation...see above) of Jesus (who died, not
primarily out of sympathy, care, or love for humans) who did so out of love and obedience to the Father (the Father having conceived of
reconciliation through propitiation). The sin of mankind (past, present, and
future) had to be paid for...God's perfect attribute of "justice"
requiring satisfaction. In obedience, Jesus...as our substitute...took/bore all of this sin
upon himself and died for mankind. By substitution, Jesus became the atonement resulting in
the manifestation of God's grace: God's grace is expressed as a salvation invitation to any
human, in any condition, and under any circumstance who will believe that Jesus did this
substitution for us and ask Jesus to come into their heart and be their personal
Synagogue: At the time of Jesus, this was not a structure but a designation of those Jews gathered to hear the teaching (anywhere). The leader of such a group was called an achisynagogos at the turn of BC-AD; a Rabbi was the teacher. A priest was something else. The synagogue, becoming larger and more organized and needing a building, built a synagogue building which was for the reading and the study of the Torah and The Law. After the destruction of the second Jewish Temple in the first century AD, the synagogue building began to be a place of more functions (such as prayer & liturgy.
Temple: At the time of Jesus, this was the place of dwelling of a God (for the Jews, the dwelling place of Yahweh [YHWH]). Uniquely for the Jews, (1) there was no image or representaion of YHWH, such as a statue; and (2) there was only one Temple which (3) which had to be on the Temple Mount. The worshippers did not go into the Temple residence area of the God. Jews offered sacrifices to God at the Temple (the temple not being the place of teaching).
Tempt...temptation: a solicitation that catches your notice...a stimulation
of your spirit receptors. Temptation is
not a sin; having a thought about the sin
is not a sin; but conception (thinking about you doing the sin) begins the sin which is
completed when you actually "do" it. It is the choosing to enjoy and/or act on the desire
that converts from temptation to sin.
Tenacity: is much more than endurance...it is endurance combined
with the absolute certainty that what we are working at or seeking will be completed or
found. A stubborn refusal to believe that your effort will fail...that your patience will not
Testament: a noun meaning a legal-like promise such as a will or
agreement; a covenant. The Bible is divided into the Old Covenant (testament) & the New
Thanksgiving: a grateful acknowledgement of benefits, favors, and
helps bestowed on you by someone. Related to praise and worship.
Theology: Theology is reasoned discourse concerning beliefs about
God. So, there are as many variations concerning theological beliefs as there are people who
recognize God: no two people maintain the exact same set of beliefs about God. And, even a
single individual person's theology changes with time, experience, and
Thorough: done to a degree of completeness [more] & with attention to detail
so as to be an effort of excellence.
Time: Mechanical or electronic clocks did not exist in ancient
times; however, the people of Bible History still measured the time of day by "hours." The
equivalent term for hour is first found recorded in the Scriptures in the book of Daniel, and
later, in the words of Jesus, "Are there not twelve hours in the day?" (John 11:9). The term
"hour" referred to a period of time, one-twelfth of the daylight part of the day. While
daylight is longer in summer than in winter, and therefore summer "hours" were longer than
winter "hours," as a general rule the first hour was equivalent to 6 to 7 am on a modern-day
clock, and so on.
Tolerance: a virtue...the personal condition of being willing to
accept, relate to (without displays of damaging rejection), those who are different than
Transfiguration: the happening on the Mount of Transfiguration (Matthew
17:1-8; Mark 9:2-13; Luke 9:28-36) wherein Jesus was caused to shine like the sun; and, in
the presence of Moses (the old covenant...The Law) and Elijah (the prophets), Jesus (the new
covenant) had his deity verified by the voice of God which was clearly heard by three
witnesses (James, John, and Peter) and attested to by Peter in his last writings (II Peter
Trinity: The Trinity, as a word for a designated reality, never
appears in the Bible (just as "grandfather" may not appear). Rather than points of orthodoxy
& dogma, the important TRUTH is that "the Holy Trinity" is a way to describe the
amazingly intimate aspect of the love & grace of God as He, relationally, seamlessly
& willingly takes on three (3) different personas as He relates to His creation (God the
Father, God the Son [Jesus], & God the Holy Spirit). More HERE.
Truth: As a noun, this word has to do with what is
true, actual, accurate, and correct. Truth has these characteristics:
universality: it is the same for all and can not be private (only your opinion can be
- is objective: it
corresponds with what is "out there". You can't just make up your own truth.
- is without
contradiction: qualified, honest, and truthful persons may contend the truth but can not
produce compelling evidence against "truth".
- it can be known:
while truth may be difficult to elucidate or learn, it is inherently knowable.
- originates in God:
Jesus is the person of "the truth", "I am the way, and the truth, and the life." [quoting
Jesus, himself, in John 14:6] And the Holy Spirit is the power behind THE TRUTH!
Virtue: personal, acquired attributes [here]...helping toward moral goodness...
given by God through Jesus so that our lives are changed in such a way that we reflect the "right"
of righteousness in such a way that we are salt and light to a fallen world (Colossians I, chapter
Walk: a persons "walk" is his/her daily way of living this
life on earth.
Will of God: God's will is the desire behind His plans, a desire that
comes from the perfect, all-knowing Divine. What could be better for me than for God's
will...with respect to me...be done in every detail? Why won't we pray for His will to be
done for us?...fear of where He will direct us. But, we should depend by faith on the truism
that the love and grace of God will not take a person where the love & grace of God will
not protect that person.
Wisdom: an attribute of being skillful to judge or discern while
using intelligence, sensibleness, and reasonableness. [getting wisdom, a process flow
chart].............[the keys in
Proverbs 1-4] [wisdom
Word of God: this is the scripture of The Bible.
Works: things done for the advancement of the cause and Kingdom
of Christ and giving & performing acts for others in the name of Jesus and to the glory
of God. Works have the danger of becoming idols and sources for boastful pride both in the
doer of the works and the congregation to which that worker belongs. Pressure to do works can
become the source of both rebellion (I'm quitting...they are asking too much) and despair
(I'm no good...I can't do as much as he does). And works can even be a doctrine of
requirement to justify getting into Heaven in some religions.
Worry: from German "wurgen" = "to choke"; to strangle or choke
the mind or harass the mind with anxiety.
Worship: from the older English word "worthship" meaning
pondering and praising the worth of the subject being "worthshipped"; actions of a positive
inner "heart" response of love and positive feelings and commitment to someone/-thing. To
worship means to awaken the conscience to the holiness of God. Though worshiping in groups and churches is worthy, there is no command to do so. One can worship perfectly adequately alone or in small groups or gatherings. Church worship can be uplifting and inspirational. But, in our colonial times, people such as Roger Williams stood against "forced worship". Willima's quote is, "Forced worship stinks in God's nostrils!" What/who do you
worship?...hopefully only the triune God!
Wrath of God: Up through the USA Salem witch trials of the 1690s, there was no "scientific" knowledge. Natural phenomena such as lightning could only be conceived of as the work of Satan or the wrath of God. It was Capt. James Cook of the second half of the 1700s who demonstrated so well the infant science of oceanic navigation. The nature of the terror of lightning would not be proven to be electricity until about 1750 (Ben Franklin). Antibiotics to save us from deadly infections would not arrive until 1930-40. Causes of "terrors" have been found so that it is now more plausible to understand the love & grace of God rather than such a focus on natural events as being the wrath of God.
Yoke: as Jesus spoke of taking on His yoke, he had in mind the
yoke placed on animals to help them submit to the pulling of the plow or the wagon (pulling a
load)...submitting to toiling with the master. It symbolizes submission of the yoke bearer to
the yoke giver. For a true Jesus believer to discard the yoke of Christ is like a bird
deciding to discard its feathers!!
***give me your comments about this
check out the Highest
1998; latest addition 13 November 2013)